Federal Missing Children Acts
The Missing Children Act of 1982 (28 U.S.C. 534 (a)) enables families to guarantee that information about their missing child is properly entered into the Federal Bureau of Investigation's (FBI) National Crime Information Center (NCIC) computer system. If you have doubts about whether the law-enforcement agency Taking the missing-child report has entered the information into the computer system, you have the right to ask the FBI to verify the entry. If the case has not been entered, ask the FBI to make the entry for you. You may also call the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children to verify that the correct information was entered into the NCIC system.
The Missing Children Assistance Act of 1984 (42 U.S.C. 5771 et seq. as amended) mandates the U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) to provide certain services including the establishment of a toll-free telephone line to receive information about missing and sexually exploited children and provision of assistance to families and law enforcement in the search for missing children. The National Center for Missing & Exploited Children serves as the national clearinghouse and resource center that carries out these mandates on behalf of DoJ with funding and program coordination provided by DoJ's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
The National Child Search Assistance Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-647) requires federal, state, and local law enforcement to enter reports of a missing child who is younger than 18 years of age and unidentified persons into the NCIC, and work cooperatively with the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children on these difficult cases. It also eliminates any waiting period prior to entry of this information into NCIC.
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