Volume 2, Issue 9

September 2005


Companies Involved in Building the New
Receiving and Reception Housing Unit

Hammond construction Safety Resources
Abbott Electric A J Diana Excavating
Integator.com Simplex-Grinnell
DiPietro Excavating Akins Land Surveying
Southway Fence Hammontree Civil Engineers  
Heapy Engineering Eeman & Blinn Structural Engineers  
Doerschuk Plumbing GMR Builders  
Norment Security Southern Folger  
ASSA Locks Northern Valley Contractors  
EJ construction PSI Testing  
RMD Waterproofing Spaulding Concrete  
SA Comunale Standard Plumbing & Heating  
Sheetmetal Crafters WG Fairfield  
Buckeye Caulking Burghardt metal  
Cleveland Vicon Kalkreuth Roofing  
Ladd Painting LJB building  
Magic Door Trinity Door  
LABOR DAY, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to
the social and economic achievements of American workers.  It constitutes a yearly national tribute
to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country
     More than 100 years after the first Labor Day observance, there is still some doubt as
to who first proposed the holiday for workers
     Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and
Joiners and a cofounder of the American Federation of Labor, was first in suggesting a day to honor
those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold"
     But Peter McGuires place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged.  Many believe that
Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday.  Recent research seems to
support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International
Association of Machinists in Paterson, NJ, proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the
Central labor Union in New York.  What is clear is that the Central Labor Union adopted a Labor Day
proposal and appointed a committee to plan a demonstration and picnic.
   The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in
accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union.  The Central labor Union held its second
Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883.
     In 1884 the first Monday in September was selected as the holiday, as originally proposed, and
the Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York
and celebrate a "workingmens holiday" on that date.  The idea spread with the growth of labor
organizations, and in 1885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country
Through the years the nation gave increasing emphasis to Labor Day.  the first governmental
recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886.  From them developed the movement to
secure state legislation.  The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was
passed by Oregon on February 21, 1887.  During the year four more states - Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and
New York - created the Labor Day holiday by legislative enactment.  By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska, and
Pennsylvania had followed suit.  By 1894, 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of
that year, congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the district of Columbia and the territories.
The form that the observance and celebration of Labor Day should take were outlined in the first proposal of the holiday -
a street parade to exhibit to the public "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations" of the
community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and families.  This became the pattern
for the celebrations of Labor Day.  Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was
placed upon the economic and civic significance of the holiday.  Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of
Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the
spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
   The character of the Labor Day celebration has undergone a change in recent years, especially in large industrial centers
where mass displays and huge parades have proved a problem.  This change, however, is more a shift in emphasis and
medium of expression.  Labor Day addresses by leading union officials, industrialists, educators, clerics and government
officials are given wide coverage in newspapers, radio, and television.
     The vital force of labor added materially to the highest standard of living and the greatest production the world has ever
known and has brought us closer to the realization of our traditional ideals of economic and political democracy.  It is
appropriate, therefore, that the nation pay tribute on Labor Day to the creator of so much of the nations
strength, freedom, and leadership - the American worker